A colocation server has many names, – co-location servers, co-location centres, colo, carrier hotel. No matter what name you know it by, it does the same thing. It’s a kind of data centre where businesses and individuals can rent space, equipment, and bandwidth. The centre provides the physical space, power, security, storage and more, and connect them to telecommunication, and network providers in a cost-effective, and simple way. For many, the comparable inexpensive, and ease of use are major plus points, which is why colocation servers are becoming more and more popular.
How Are Colocation Servers Configured?
Every colocation server will have their own way of configuring their set up, but generally, the customer owns the actual IT equipment, but the centre provides power, and cooling services. This means that the customer has complete control over the design, and how they use the equipment, but it’s overseen by experts in colocation servers. Customers typically range between large multinational corporations to small businesses who need a cost-effective IT solution.
Customers can choose a set up that suits their needs. A small business might rent space in a cabinet, which would share power and cooling with other businesses. The customer may need a cage, which is a dedicated server space. Large companies may need to rent a suite. Suites are dedicated, private server spaces, and they may share power, and cooling or they may have both on a private basis.
Internal Connections And Power
Every centre would have its own specific rules regarding the cross connection between customers. Some colocation server allow connections free of charge, whereas others may charge a monthly fee. They may allow connection to customers who are carriers, but not to any other customers. Some centres have a protocol for carriers to exchange data quickly. Large colocation centres will probably have a sizable Internet Exchange inside the centre, which allows customers to connect for peering.
Similarly, the power infrastructure of each centre will be specific to that centre. The facilities often have generators that will kick in if the utility power fails, with a battery backup system. Some centres will use large inverters to provide AC power, or customer may want to install their own backup power in their racks. This could be a 48 VDC battery bank, or a motor generator, which is usually powered by a diesel engine. There is an argument that battery banks are more efficient, and with less risk of parts failure.
Colocation Server To Sum Up
Colocation servers and centres can be a hugely cost-effective option for many businesses. The centre can provide a full service which reduces the cost of running servers to the business. Every centre will have its own strategy, protocols, and price point, but the benefits can be enormous. One of the biggest draws is the power provision. The centres are connected to multiple grid points, and have reliable backups, so there is little chance or server downtime.